Send email to admin eh. The practice of putting children to work was first documented in the Medieval era when fathers had their children spin thread for them to weave on the loom. Children performed a variety of tasks that were auxiliary to their parents but critical to the family economy. Preindustrial Jobs Children who lived on farms worked with the animals or in the fields planting seeds, pulling weeds and picking the ripe crop.
In the Government passed a Factory Act to improve conditions for children working in factories. Young children were working very long hours in workplaces where conditions were often terrible. The basic act was as follows: Using these sources, investigate how the far the act had solved the problems of child labour.
This is an extract from a Factory Inspectors Report Who gave the evidence to the factory inspector? Work out how many hours not including breaksthe boys are reported to have worked without stopping Which parts of the new Factory Act have been broken? Having studied this source, would you be right to conclude that the Factory Act did nothing to solve the problems of child workers?
Explain your answer 2. This is a piece of a document detailing which companies broke the law. What is the most common offence recorded?
Work out how much is fined for the different offences By looking at the fines, which offence is regarded as the most serious? How effective was the Factory Act?
This is a photograph of workers in a factory in What kind of factory is the boy working in? How old do you think he is? Write a list of all the dangers you can see in the factory and what you think could be done to improve them This photograph is from70 years after the first Factory Act.
Explain whether you think work in the factory had improved for child workers by this time Is the illustration at the top of this page and this photograph reliable evidence of working conditions in a factory? Give reasons for your answer Source 3 4.
You are one of the four factory inspectors in trying to enforce the Factory Act. You have seen the evidence of abuse of the the law and you are unhappy with the present system. Write a letter to the Home Secretary suggesting ways to improve the law and better methods of enforcing it.
Background As the Industrial Revolution gathered pace thousands of factories sprang up all over the country. There were no laws relating to the running of factories as there had been no need for them before.
As a result, dangerous machinery was used that could, and frequently did, cause serious injuries to workers. To add to these dangers, people were required to work incredibly long hours — often through the night.
Perhaps one of the worst features of this new industrial age was the use of child labour. Very young children worked extremely long hours and could be severely punished for any mistakes. Arriving late for work could lead to a large fine and possibly a beating. Dozing at a machine could result in the accidental loss of a limb.
People began to realise how bad these conditions were in many factories and started to campaign for improvements. There was a lot of resistance from factory owners who felt it would slow down the running of their factories and make their products more expensive. Many people also did not like the government interfering in their lives.
Some parents, for instance, needed their children to go out to work from a young age, as they needed the money to help feed the family.
Not all factory owners kept their workers in bad conditions however.Goal #2: To define relevant terms related to industrialization. Industrialization occurs when a nation's economic system decreases its reliance upon producing goods by hand and increases its reliance upon producing goods by machine..
Industries arise when huge markets of capital and labor are combined to lower production costs, raise each worker's output, and subsequently, create large. Child Labor during the British Industrial Revolution. Carolyn Tuttle, Lake Forest College.
During the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries Great Britain became the first country to industrialize. One of the major reasons that brought change in the Victorian England was the industrial revolution during the s which led to the emergence of numerous factories.
The first operative factory can be traced by to but with industrialization, more and more factories can into existence. The Industrial Revolution occurred when agrarian societies became more industrialized and urban.
Learn where and when the Industrial Revolution started, and the inventions that made it possible. The Industrial Revolution is the name given to the enormous changes that took place with technology, farming, mining, manufacturing, and transportation from the middle of the 18 th Century through to the middle of the 19 th Century..
These changes had a massive impact on people’s social and cultural life, as well as their economic conditions. Child labour in preindustrial societies. Child labour forms an intrinsic part of pre-industrial economies.
In pre-industrial societies, there is rarely a concept of childhood in the modern sense.