From the analysis of data, the findings were as follows:
Avoid common errors of punctuation and grammar. Use the first person I, we rather than the passive voice.
Link your ideas into a sensible sequence without repetitions or discontinuities. Get feedback on your article from colleagues. In this Background Dissertation summary of findings, make the topic interesting by explaining it in plain language and by relating it to actual or potential practical applications.
Explain any scientific principles underlying the topic. Define and justify the scope of the review: LITERATURE In this short section you should list how many of each kind of publication you summarized for example, 31 original investigations, one monograph, five reviews, four popular articles, one manuscriptand how you found them for example, a search of the sport-science database SportDiscus.
Be specific about any database search you performed. Include the key words you used, and the ways you refined your search if necessary. We read 47 of these as full papers. Of the 41 papers cited in this review, we were able to obtain the following only in abstract form: Do not give a summary paper-by-paper; instead, deal with themes and draw together results from several papers for each theme.
I have identified four themes for this section: These themes are dealt with under subheadings. I encourage you to use such subheadings, which will make it easier for you to write the review and easier for others to read it.
Quality of Published Work Look critically at any published work. The fact that something has been published does not mean the findings are automatically trustworthy. Some research designs are better than others see Hopkins, a. The most trustworthy conclusions are those reached in double-blind randomized controlled trials with a representative sample of sufficient size to detect the smallest worthwhile effects.
The weakest findings are those from case studies. In between are cross-sectional studies, which are usually plagued by the problem of interpreting cause and effect in the relationship between variables.
How subjects were sampled is an important issue. Be wary of generalizing results from novice athletes to elites.
Something that enhances performance in young or untrained individuals may not work so well in highly trained athletes, who may have less headroom for improvement. There are big differences in the way data can be collected. At one extreme are qualitative methods, in which the researcher interviews subjects without using formal psychometric instruments questionnaires.
At the other extreme are quantitative methods, in which biological or behavioral variables are measured with instruments or techniques of known validity and reliability. In the middle are techniques with uncertain precision and questionnaires with open-ended responses.
Qualitative assessment is time consuming, so samples are usually small in size and non-representative, which in turn limit the conclusions that can be made about effects in a population.chapter: 1 summary, findings, conclusions, and recommendations Get This Book Visit monstermanfilm.com to get more information about this book, to buy it in print, or to download it as a free PDF.
DO: Provide context and explain why people should care. DON'T: Simply rehash your results. Your discussion should begin with a cogent, one-paragraph summary of the study's key findings, but then go beyond that to put the findings into context, says Stephen Hinshaw, PhD, chair of the psychology department at the University of California, Berkeley.
A Comprehensive Manual on How to Compose a Dissertation “Whenever dissertation writing is mentioned, students get worried and sometimes frustrated. Yet, it is almost impossible to attain the highest heights of maturity in academic circles without completing such a task.
o get an easy way out, it is vital for a student to utilize a manual. Summary of Findings -This part does not contain number/ percentages or statistical values.
-Conclusions should appropriately answer the specific questions raised at the beginning of the investigation. ii Guidelines for Writing Research Proposals and Dissertations The following information presents guidelines for preparing and writing research papers and reports, including theses and dissertations.
A Complete Dissertation The Big Picture OVERVIEW concise summary description of the study, including statement of the problem, pur-pose, scope, research tradition, data sources, findings, and implications), and incorrect format are frequent abstract errors.