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Background[ edit ] The current nations, Pakistan and Bangladesh, were part of an undivided India during the British colonial rule. Bengali is an Eastern Indo-Aryan language that arose from the eastern Middle Indic languages around CE  and developed considerably during the Bengal Renaissance.
As early as the late 19th century, social activists such as the Muslim feminist Roquia Sakhawat Hussain were choosing to write in Bengali to reach out to the people and develop it as a modern literary language. Supporters of Bengali opposed Urdu even before the partition of Indiawhen delegates from Bengal rejected the idea of making Urdu the lingua franca of Muslim India in the Lucknow session of the Muslim League.
The Muslim League was a British Indian political party that became the driving force behind the creation of Pakistan as a Muslim state separate from British India.
Students from Dhaka rallied under the leadership of Abul Kashemthe secretary of Tamaddun Majlisha Bengali Islamic cultural organisation. The meeting stipulated Bengali as an official language of the Dominion of Pakistan and as a medium of education in East Bengal. The central education minister Fazlur Essay international mother language day bangladesh made extensive preparations to make Urdu the only state language of the Dominion of Pakistan.
To promote their cause, Bengali students organised processions and rallies in Dhaka. Assembly member Dhirendranath Datta proposed legislation in the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan to allow members to speak in Bengali and authorise its use for official purposes.
The movement restated the demand that Bengali be declared an official language of the Dominion of Pakistan. Rally leader Mohammad Toaha was hospitalised after attempting to snatch a rifle from a police officer. The rally changed its direction and moved in the direction of the Secretariat building.
Police attacked the procession injuring several students and leaders, including A. Under such circumstances, the chief minister Nazimuddin signed an accord with the student leaders agreeing to some terms and conditions, without complying to the demand that Bengali be made a state language.
On 21 March, at a civic reception at Racecourse Groundhe claimed that the language issue was designed by a " fifth column " to divide Pakistani Muslims.
He later called a meeting of a state language committee of action, and overruled the contract that was signed by Khawaja Nazimuddin with the student leaders. The government suggested that Bengali be written in Arabic scriptas a potential solution to the language conflict.
The action committee called for an all out protest on 21 February, including strikes and rallies. The university vice-chancellor and other officials were present as armed police surrounded the campus. By a quarter past eleven, students gathered at the university gate and attempted to break the police line.
Police fired tear gas shells towards the gate to warn the students.
The vice-chancellor asked police to stop firing and ordered the students to leave the area. However, the police arrested several students for violating section as they attempted to leave. When a group of students sought to storm into the building, police opened fire and killed a number of students, including Abdus SalamRafiq Uddin AhmedAbul Barkat and Abdul Jabbar.
Shops, offices and public transport were shut down and a general strike began. During the continued protests, police actions led to the death of four more people.
This prompted officers and clerks from different organisations, including colleges, banks and the radio station, to boycott offices and join the procession. The shooting killed several people including activist Sofiur Rahman and a nine-year-old boy named Ohiullah.
Completed at dawn on 24 February, the monument had a handwritten note attached to it with the words "Shaheed Smritistombho".
Most pro-government media held Hindus and communists responsible for encouraging the disorder and student unrest. On 8 April government report on the incidents failed to show any particular justification for police firings on the students.
This kind of thinking also provoked considerable opposition in the western wing, wherein there existed several linguistic groups.Introduction: Every nation has some achievements that they can take monstermanfilm.com language day is our national event and monstermanfilm.com the matter of pride for us is that this national event has crossed our national boundary and become monstermanfilm.com International Mother Language Day is the recognition of our language movement and the heroic sacrifices of the language martyrs by the.
Language day: Historical background: February 21st is observed as the language monstermanfilm.com day is the culmination of a serious of protest and events that took place between and After the independence of Pakistan the ruling authority of west Pakistan recognized Urdu as the state language of Pakistan in and tired to impose it on .
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In , February 21 was declared the International Mother Language Day by the United Nations. The second bangla language movement in Barak valley, Assam.
Currently, Bengali is the national and official language of Bangladesh and one of the 23 official languages recognised by the Republic of India.
It is the official language of the . Our Mother Language Day (21st February) UNESCO's declaration of 21st February as the International Mother Language Day has brought fresh glory and prestige to Bangladesh which is making significant strides towards peace, progress and prosperity at home and discharging international obligations abroad.