European union countries

In a historic referendum in JuneAustrian voters indicated their desire to join the EU, and in January Austria became a member. The following year, Austrians commemorated 1, years of common history. At the end of the war, several western European countries sought closer economic, social, and political ties to achieve economic growth and military security and to promote a lasting reconciliation between France and Germany. The ECSC created a free-trade area for several key economic and military resources:

European union countries

Europe in the Early Middle Ages. Medieval Christendom [29] [30] and the political power of the Papacy [31] [32] are also often cited as conducive to European integration and unity. A day will come when all nations on our continent will form a European brotherhood A day will come when we shall see During the interwar periodthe consciousness that national markets in Europe were interdependent though confrontational, along with the observation of a larger and growing US market on the other side European union countries the ocean, nourished the urge for the economic integration of the continent.

Inthe latter gave a speech in favour of a European Union before the assembly of the League of Nationsprecursor of the United Nations. However, the Council focused primarily on values - human rights and democracy - rather than on economic or trade issues, and was always envisaged as a forum where sovereign governments could choose to work together, with no supra-national authority.

It raised great hopes of further European integration, and there were fevered debates in the two years that followed as to how this could be achieved. But indisappointed at what they saw as the lack of progress within the Council of Europe, six nations decided to go further and created the European Coal and Steel Communitywhich was declared to be "a first step in the federation of Europe".

Treaty of Rome —92 The continental territories of the member states of the European Union European Communities precoloured in order of accession.

They also signed another pact creating the European Atomic Energy Community Euratom for co-operation in developing nuclear energy. Both treaties came into force in Euratom was to integrate sectors in nuclear energy while the EEC would develop a customs union among members.

Nevertheless, in an agreement was reached and on 1 July the Merger Treaty created a single set of institutions for the three communities, which were collectively referred to as the European Communities.

Inthe Communities were enlarged to include Denmark including Greenlandwhich later left the Communities infollowing a dispute over fishing rightsIrelandand the United Kingdom. Inthe first direct elections to the European Parliament were held.

Inafter the fall of the Eastern Blocthe former East Germany became part of the Communities as part of a reunified Germany. Attempts to solve the problems and to make the EU more efficient and coherent had limited success. The expansion of the EU introduced a new level of complexity and discord.

Seven countries have since joined.

European union countries

Ineuro banknotes and coins replaced national currencies in 12 of the member states. Since then, the eurozone has increased to encompass 19 countries. The euro currency became the second largest reserve currency in the world. InBulgaria and Romania became EU members. The same year, Slovenia adopted the euro, [59] followed in by Cyprus and Maltaby Slovakia inby Estonia inby Latvia inand by Lithuania in European Union: Countries - Map Quiz Game: The European Union has 28 states, 24 official languages, and a population of over million.

It has expanded as recently as and may enlarge further in the future. Using this map quiz game, you will be able to increase your geography trivia prowess and prepare for any may quiz that may be coming your way.

The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union, consisting of 28 member states that are subject to the obligations and the privileges of the membership.

Every member state is part of the founding treaties of the union and is subjected to binding laws within the . To join the European Union, it is required for all member states to agree; if a single member state disagrees, the applying country is declined accession to the European Union.

The rise of technology risks leaving Europe's poorest countries, lagging regions and unskilled workers behind. European Union At-A-Glance EU growth is projected to remain low and, with aging populations and sluggish investment, to become increasingly dependent on productivity growth.

The "Birthday" of the European Union is considered May 9, At present, May 9 is celebrated annually as Europe Day.

The first agreement establishing the European Economic Community was signed in by six countries: Belgium, Germany, France, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. Jan 01,  · European Union; Beethoven, Ludwig von The “Ode to Joy” from Ludwig von Beethoven's Symphony No. 9 is the anthem of the European Union.

European Union (EU), international organization comprising 28 European countries and governing common economic, social, and security policies.

Member state of the European Union - Wikipedia