This article provides an overview on Malthusian Theory of Population:
Thomas Robert Malthus was a British economist and a demographer, whose famous Theory of Population highlighted the potential dangers of overpopulation. His thinking took shape under the influence of the optimistic ideas of his father and his friends especially Rousseau, for future improvement of the society.
During the Industrial Revolution, England experienced a steep increase in its population. According to him, an increased population would create more wealth that would provide food for the whole humanity.
Scholars of such school of thought believed that, both man and society could be made perfect. In contrast to this viewpoint, Malthus interpreted overpopulation as an evil that would reduce the amount of food available per person. In simple words, if human population was allowed to increase in an uncontrolled way, then the number of people would increase at a faster rate than the food supply.
A point would come when human population would reach the limit up to which food sources could not support it. Any further increase would lead to population crash caused by natural phenomena like famine or disease. According to him, human society could never be perfected.
He believed that man is a lazy animal, who would lead a satisfied life and procreate as long as his family was well fed. However, as soon as human population would feel constraints in food supply due to increase in population, he would again work hard to provide enough for his family.
This might lead to an increase in agricultural production to provide for all, but at the same time man would be back to his complacent stage, where all his needs would be fulfilled. This would start the cycle of overpopulation and food shortage, all over again.
Having been a clergy, Malthus validated his theory on moral grounds that suffering was a way of making human beings realize the virtues of hard work and moral behavior. Such kind of suffering due to overpopulation and limited food supply was inevitable.
Malthus took into account two main assumptions: He proposed that human beings adopt measures like infanticide, abortion, delay in marriage and strict following of celibacy to check population growth.
Relation between Population, Wages and Inflation: He proposed that the boom in population will result into excess of labor force ready to work at the available wage rate, giving them the income to buy food for their family.
This will lead to an increase in the overall demand for food outstripping its supply. Hence, the prices will rise and inflation will set in. This inflationary pressure will worsen the situation of the already distressed poor section of the society leaving the riches unaffected.
The poor will work more to improve their situation and will also consider reducing the population growth so that they have less mouths to feed. However, this will only last till the population equals the food supply and the inflation ceases; after which, overall standard of living will rise and so will the population explosion reaching the same point, hence called the vicious cycle.
In his first edition of the essay, Malthus proposed two main solutions to the problem of population explosion, namely: It includes famines, hunger, epidemics, war and other natural miseries which cause large-scale deaths.
Although it helps in controlling the population growth, it brings with it widespread misery and pain.
Hence, it is not regarded as an ideal solution to population problem. It is more practically and logically applicable. Abortion, prostitution, postponement of marriage, birth control and celibacy are few measures that were advised to be strictly followed in order to help solve the problem.
In his second edition of the same essay, Malthus laid more emphasis on: This is regarded as a universally applicable solution keeping up with the ideologies of virtue, economic gain and social improvement.Video: Malthusian Theory of Population Growth: Definition & Overview Known for his work on population growth, Thomas Robert Malthus argued that if left unchecked, a population .
The book An Essay on the Principle of Population was first published anonymously in , Chapters 1 and 2 outline Malthus' Principle of Population, and the unequal nature of food supply to population growth. admired Malthus, and so came under his influence. Early converts to his population theory included William Paley.
Outline and evaluate the contributions of psychological research (theories and/or studies) to our understanding of the formation of relationships (24 marks) One theory of formation of relationships that has contributed to our understanding of the formation of relationships, is the reward/need satisfaction theory.
Thomas Robert Malthus was a British economist and a demographer, whose famous Theory of Population highlighted the potential dangers of overpopulation. Malthus put forth his ideas in six editions of his famous treatise 'An Essay on the Principle of Population '.
The Malthusian Theory of Population is a theory of exponential population growth and arithmetic food supply growth. Thomas Robert Malthus, an English cleric, and scholar published this theory in his writings, An Essay on the Principle of Population.
Malthus, food production and population growth Discover what the Malthusian theory was and why it failed in its prediction When, in , the English scholar Thomas Malthus published An Essay on the Principle of Population, it would lead to economics being rebranded as “the dismal science”.