Al-Andalus — Muslim -ruled medieval Spain—was distinguished by its level of medical knowledge relative to the rest of Europe, particularly among the physicians of the Golden age of Jewish culture in Spain. In the years after the Reconquistathe Real Tribunal del Protomedicato regulated the practice of medicine in Spain and in its colonies. However, the system of medical faculties at the various universities was very decentralized. Medicine was one of the principal fields of activity for the novatores of the late 17th century, but their initiatives were individualized and localized.
Reiner 4 Neuroethics 65 Neuroscience has substantially advanced the understanding of how changes in brain biochemistry contribute to mechanisms of tolerance and physical dependence via exposure to addictive drugs. Promoting a brain disease concept is grounded in beneficent and utilitarian thinking: However such claims may yield unintended consequences by fostering discrimination commonly associated with pathology.
Specifically, the language of neuroscience used to describe addiction may reduce attitudes such as blame and responsibility while inadvertently identifying addicted persons as neurobiological others. This paper examines the merits and limitations of adopting the language of neuroscience to describe addiction.
It argues that the reframing of addiction in the language of neuroscience provides benefits such as the creation of empowered biosocial communities, but also creates a new set of risks, as descriptive neuroscience concepts are inseparable from historical attitudes and intuitions towards addiction and addicted persons.
In particular, placing emphasis on the diseased brain may foster unintended harm by paradoxically increasing social distance towards the vulnerable group the term is intended to benefit. Burgess Hillary Burgess 29 Quinnipiac L.
Lawyers need to be able to identify when their clients have legal problems outside of their narrow area of specialty and they need to devise legal solutions that do not violate other areas of law. However, law students tend to forget a significant amount of the doctrine and policy before they graduate.
Researchers have found ways to improve learning, especially for the complex learning that takes place in law school. Applying these techniques in law school would allow professors to cover more doctrine at more sophisticated levels while knowing that their students will retain much of their lessons throughout their career.
This article begins by mapping common law school learning tasks onto a leading taxonomy of learning objectives.
This article argues that the legal curriculum engages all six levels of learning by traditionally teaching the lowest four levels of learning. However, law schools traditionally test on the highest four levels of learning because this level of thinking is required to practice law competently.
To help professors teach all six levels of learning optimally, this article provides a neuroscience and cognitive psychology perspective on how students learn.
This section serves as a reference for any professor interested in how students learn. The article reviews research that indicates that students learn more, at deeper levels, while retaining information longer when they engage in multimodal learning, especially learning involving visual aids and visual exercises.
This article serves three purposes. First, it provides professors with a review of the theoretical and scientific literature on learning theory as it applies to law school.
This information will provide professors a reference when they reform the overall legal curriculum, modify teaching strategies, and create innovative teaching methods. Secondly, this article provides professors with information about teaching methods that increase student learning and retention in law school, on the bar, and for a lifetime career in law.
Third, this article provides concrete guidelines for law faculty interested in incorporating visual aids effectively in their teaching. The article also provides many concrete examples of specific teaching techniques that professors could adopt in their own class immediately.
Burton Angela O. Children in state foster care systems and juvenile prisons are particularly at risk of overmedication with psychotropic drugs. Psychotropic drugs act directly on the brain to affect behavior, emotion, or mood. Because they are deemed to be highly addictive and susceptible to abuse and diversion into the illegal drug trade, some are designated as controlled substances under the United Nations Convention on Psychotropic Substances, This international treaty requires the United States government to protect the public — including children in state custody — from medically unjustified exposure to psychotropic drugs.
In particular, the treaty requires that psychotropic drugs be prescribed only for medical purposes and administered in accordance with sound medical practice, and that the government prohibit their advertisement directly to the public.Palliative care a concept analysis 1.
Palliative Care:A Concept Analysis By Karen Davis, RN, BSN, OCN 2. What is palliative care?Do you use palliative care in .
Antecedents to the SNS in Spain. Public intervention in collective health problems has always been of interest to governments and societies, especially in the control of epidemics through the establishment of naval quarantines, the closing of city walls and prohibitions on travel in times of plague, but also in terms of hygienic and palliative measures.
Improving the health status of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples is a longstanding challenge for governments in Australia.
While there have been improvements made in some areas since the s (notably in reducing high rates of infant mortality1) overall progress has been slow and inconsistent. The inequality gap between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and other.
Pediatric Palliative Care: A Conceptual Analysis for Pediatric Nursing Practice. Author links open overlay panel Debbie Stayer MSN, RN-BC, CCRN. Show more. Traditionally, terminal illnesses such as cancer and AIDS have been the antecedents for palliative care.
However. Antecedents of palliative care Historically, an antecedent of palliative care was the inability of curative medical treatment to meets the needs of clients, for which cure.