I want you to succeed and prosper in your business.
Chua does not write as a political partisan. Rather, she writes as an analyst of our political culture, which is rapidly tribalizing. I want to be very clear: Amy Chua does not side with either the left or the right in her book.
She says that all of us are tribalizing. But that was the myth that Wilson wanted us to believe, and that many white Americans wanted to believe. That was the American ideal, though not the American reality.
Chua talks extensively about how our very American reluctance to recognize tribalism has caused us to make catastrophic foreign policy mistakes. And not only our reluctance to recognize tribalism, but also the remarkable success we have had as a nation in restraining tribalism.
Though far from perfect, we really are exceptional among the nations of the world in this achievement. The problem is, we think of it as universal, or at least universalizable. Our ideological blindness caused us to fail to understand that the Vietnam war was not about communism, but about nationalism — and that Vietnamese nationalism also included anti-Chinese hatred.
Did you know that the Chinese dominated Vietnam for almost a thousand years? Did you know that ethnic Chinese within Vietnam, though a minority, controlled most of the economy, even into the modern era? I certainly did not. Chua says that the US government totally missed the ethno-nationalist core of the Vietnamese nationalist struggle, preferring to understand it in Cold War ideological terms.
The neurological processes of in-group recognition and favoritism start extremely early. One of the deepest tribal affiliations is ethnicity.
Hugo Chavez — dark-skinned, kinky-haired — capitalized on this to come to power. Massive inequality in Venezuela — an inequality that broke down among racial and ethnic lines — laid the groundwork for his despotic rule.
Chavez, by the way, was popularly elected, then twice re-elected. Chua points out that we fetishize democracy so much in the West that we miss how democracy can exacerbate tribalism. This is what happened in Iraq, a Shia-majority country that had been ruled by police-state terror by Saddam Hussein, a member of the Sunni minority.
When democracy came, naturally the Shia voted for Shia.
Once in power, the Shia ruled as tribalists, securing power and privilege for themselves, and pushing the Sunni to the side. Chua cautions that democracy is not to blame for ISIS, strictly speaking, but imposing democracy on a country saturated by religious tribalism was bound to unleash forces that produced ISIS.
In that other US Mideast fiasco, Afghanistan, which is not Arab, the conflict is not best understood as a religious one, but rather as a tribal struggle. The fact that the Taliban are fanatical Muslims obscures to our eyes the more important fact that they are Pashtuns, the tribe that has historically dominated Afghanistan, fighting against Tajiks and other Afghani peoples.
Against a backdrop of stark group inequality, the most successful extremist groups offer their members precisely what existing societal institutions do not: Think about what this means, for example, to poor and working-class white people in the US. In her chapter on Venezuela, Chua says that she wrote a piece for the New York Times intalking about how 80 percent of Venezuelans — dark-skinned men and women like Hugo Chavez — are economic outsiders in a nation in which 20 percent of light-skinned Venezuelans control most of the economy.
We do the same thing. Try to convince liberals of any race that poor and working class whites who voted for Trump, and who feel marginalized, have a point. They will raise hell. Come on, seriously, think about it. The problem is that to embrace that humility is to leave oneself vulnerable to attack from other tribes.
Even putting economics aside, it misses the role played by white-against-white resentment and antagonism. She talks about the economic and cultural clash between white coastal elites and whites in the heartland. One of the most fascinating and most vicious intra-white disputes of the moment is the one between pro- and anti-Trump conservative Evangelicals.
It most definitely has a class element, as well as a regional one, and a generational one. What makes it so hard to resolve is that actual Christian principles involved are difficult, almost impossible, to separate from other identities held by the antagonists.
And yet, to his knowledge, he knows no conservatives who oppose gay marriage.
I believe him, though I also believe he might well know some DC conservatives like this, but who have learned to keep their opinions to themselves. Which tribe is yours? As embarrassing and as infuriating as some of the vocal pro-Trump conservative Christians can be, they are never so much so as to erase from my mind the suspicion that more than a few coastal Christians would happily see my sub-tribe and its institutions quashed, either for principled reasons they think we really are immoralor to increase their standing within their cosmopolitan tribe, or some mixture of both.AN OPEN LETTER TO ASPIRING AFRICAN-AMERICAN BUSINESS OWNERS With this post, I’m talking to other aspiring and current African-American business owners.
Even if you’re not in a position to comment and publicly discuss your views, please consider the points raised by this post. Mar 14, · Essay, term paper research paper on Eating Disorders. Abuse Counseling 2 Abstract The consequences of substance abuse, domestic abuse, sexual abuse, and food abuse in the United States are enormously costly (Greeno, ).
JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary sources. African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.
The term typically refers to descendants of enslaved black people who are from the United States.
As a compound adjective, the term is usually hyphenated as African-American. Winter is coming. But there are things that can be done.
Here are 70 interesting sociology research topics. Choose a sociology essay topic matching your interests and write a fantastic essay! AN OPEN LETTER TO ASPIRING AFRICAN-AMERICAN BUSINESS OWNERS With this post, I’m talking to other aspiring and current African-American business owners. Even if you’re not in a position to comment and publicly discuss your views, please consider the points raised by this post. African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa. The term typically refers to descendants of enslaved black people who are from the United States. As a compound adjective, the term is usually hyphenated as African-American.
The second half of my post on the American press under threat. (Part one is here.) In part one of this post, I described in 17 numbered paragraphs a bleak situation for the American press as a check on power, now that Donald Trump has been. Even with projected growth of % between and , the vast majority of computer science jobs will be pursued and filled by men.
As STEM-related industries on a whole add over million jobs in the coming years, there continues to be a notable absence of women in the field.