Majority of scholars explain the veneration for cows among Hindus in economic terms, which includes the importance of dairy in the diet, use of cow dung as fuel and fertilizer, and the importance that cattle have historically played in agriculture. Jhacattle including cows were neither inviolable nor revered in the ancient times as they were later. According to Harris, by about CE, food and feasting on animal slaughter were widely considered as a form of violence against life forms, and became a religious and social taboo. Yaskathe early commentator of the Rigveda, gives nine names for cow, the first being "aghnya".
Religion, he said, was the first human attempt to systematically explain the world. Durkheim thought that religious rationality would wither away in modern times for him, the early twentieth century because scientific rationality would replace it, by virtue of its superior explanatory power.
Alas, he seems to have gotten this one wrong. But Durkheim was right about the genealogy of thought. Modern religion is an elaboration of a belief in magic.
In the absence of a scientific explanation of events and institutions, faith in magical powers, fetishization of nature, and overinterpretation of random variation are inevitable.
Durkheim expected religion to fall out of fashion as the outright belief in magic had, for the same reason. For anyone with the least education, the superior power of scientific thinking is obvious. Only a willful ignorance could lead to any other conclusion.
This is where we find ourselves. We live in a world that wants the fruits of scientific labor, but refuses the mental discipline of scientific rationality. Just like children, we want to have our cake and to eat it too. I Am Alone, by T. Religions have persisted, despite their inability to explain the modern world.
Here, in fact, we have a stunning reversal: Many will find this uncertainty anxiety-provoking, and will look around for a convenient escape.
As social organizations, religions have a dramatic power that hides their essential irrationality. They persist today because they are so effective at constructing group identities and at setting up conflict between the in- and out-groups.
For all religions, there is an "us" and a "them. It is no accident that the history of world religions is a history of violence, hatred and intolerance.
And, being liars, and thus, evil, they forfeit their rights as equal members of the community. This is the poisonous logic of religious irrationality. All modern religions are ideological: Complete acceptance is the only way to escape the uncertainty of modernity.
For this reason, religion without fanaticism is impossible. Anyone whose mind is trapped inside such a mental prison will be susceptible to extreme forms of behavior. All religions foment their own kind of holy war. The reader might point out that some believers are more bland and mild than fire and brimstone.
Those whose devotion is moderate are, perhaps, only cowardly fanatics. They want the fellowship and the security but ignore the logic of the system to which they grudgingly adhere. They may be more numerous than the overt fanatics, but they will always have less influence.
This is simply the operation of the rule of the lowest common denominator; in response to uncertainty, the exaggerated sense of confidence of the zealot will win over the crowd. If you doubt that this is true, consider modern politics.
The same dynamic applies. This is why our political system has given birth to the "war on drugs" and "family values. If you do not think this is a fair definition of faith, look it up. I got this from the Merriam-Webster online dictionary, item 2b. If every assertion were subject to question, the faithful would have to admit that they hold their beliefs without rational basis.
If the public sphere were to promote the free contest of ideas, religious belief would wither under the scrutiny of scientific rationality, just as Durkheim expected. As with nationalism, faith is secured by appeals to emotion, not critical thinking.The HUC-JIR website is supported, in part, by the Jim Joseph Foundation, the Jewish Foundation of Cincinnati, the Golden Family Foundation, and the Irma L.
. A Collection of Interesting, Important, and Controversial Perspectives Largely Excluded from the American Mainstream Media. Due to the multiple benefits from cattle, there are varying beliefs about cattle in societies and monstermanfilm.com some regions, especially Nepal and most states of India, the slaughter of cattle is prohibited and their meat may be taboo..
Cattle are considered sacred in world religions such as Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, and others.. Religions in ancient Egypt, ancient Greece. Religion & Morality A Contradiction Explained.
French Sociologist Émile Durkheim observed that religion was the root of science. Religion, he said, was the . Due to the multiple benefits from cattle, there are varying beliefs about cattle in societies and monstermanfilm.com some regions, especially Nepal and most states of India, the slaughter of cattle is prohibited and their meat may be taboo..
Cattle are considered sacred in world religions such as Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, and others.. Religions in ancient Egypt, ancient Greece.
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